Supplement One: Haining Stones


Supplement One: Haining Stones is the first booklet in a new series of publications from the Notional Research Group for Cultural Artefacts.

Supplement One is a singular study of the previously undocumented ritual objects called ‘haining stones’, thought to be connected to ‘dobby stones’ and the genii locorum of vaccaries and sheep farms. The rituals surrounding these mysterious devices are obscure, but thanks to the insight of Peter Hill, the NRGCA have been able to provide a speculative reconstruction of their usage. It can therefore be seen that they belong to a family of magical procurement artefacts that incorporate certain fertility rituals and animist beliefs, some of which endured well into the Christian epoch.

Supplement One was published in a beautiful handsewn and numbered edition of 25, exclusively available via Corbel Stone Press. The booklet is now available in pdf format below.

Supplement One: Haining Stones (PDF)


Unindex Volume One: Feræ Naturæ

Whilst examining the Collingwood Archive at Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, artist Richard Skelton discovered two sewn signatures excised from the 1898 edition of the Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. The manuscripts contained a number of annotations written in pen and ink which, among other things, referenced ‘ritual overkill’ in bog bodies, the fox as a psychopomp, the horned deities Cernunnos and Belatucadrus, animal worship among late-Medieval ‘plague cults’, and an esoteric St. Bega tradition in which her armilla is reimagined as an animal collar, and her cult aligned with that of the Irish saint, Ciarán mac Luaigne. These historic, mythic and folkloric vignettes are presented alongside examples of the customary persecution of animal life in old Cumberland and Westmorland, with particular reference to fox-hunting and bull-baiting.

During 2014 the NRGCA undertook an examination of the manuscripts, conducting extensive research with a view to identifying the many references contained therein. The results of these findings are presented in Unindex Volume One, to be published by Lakeland Arts – the charity which manages Abbot Hall Art Gallery.



In collaboration with the NRGCA, Richard Skelton has created a temporary ‘Museum of Feræ Naturæ’ which will be on display at Abbot Hall Art Gallery from January 16th to March 14th. The exhibit takes as its starting point a line from one of the manuscripts, ‘the double life of banal objects’, which alludes to temporary ritual assemblages contrived from everyday objects: a plumb-bob becomes the face of a hare; a wool-comb, the horns of a bull-deity; a pair of wool-shears becomes the ears of a wolf-fox, and another, intersecting it, becomes its open jaws. Artefacts for the museum were sourced from Lakeland Arts’ own Museum of Lakeland Life and Industry, as well as Kendal Museum.

The museum comprises part of a larger exhibition entitled Memorious Earth: A Longitudinal Study, which reprises the Cumbrian work of Skelton and the Canadian poet Autumn Richardson, who together produce music and texts that are informed by landscape.



Feræ Naturæ: Unindex Volume One will be available from the Abbot Hall Gallery Shop at a reduced price during the exhibition. Copies will also be available from Corbel Stone Press ~ the small press run by Richard Skelton & Autumn Richardson.